Is prison the best place for criminals?

Retaliation is carried out in the same manner as the murder

The sacred month is for the sacred month, and for the prohibited things, there is the Law of Equality [Qisâs]. Then whoever transgresses the prohibition against you, you transgress likewise against him. And fear Allâh [swt], and know that Allâh [swt] is with Al-Muttaqûn (the pious].[8]

And if you punish [your enemy, O you believers in the Oneness of Allâh (swt)], then punish them with the like of that with which you were afflicted. But if you endure patiently, verily, it is better for As-Sâbirin [the patient ones, etc.][9]

The retaliation is carried out in the same manner as the murder to ensure equality and reciprocity.

Retaliation may be forgiven for blood-money

O you who believe! Al-Qisâs [the Law of Equality in punishment] is prescribed for you In case of murder: the free for the free, the slave for the slave, and the female for the female. But if the killer is forgiven by the brother [or the relatives, etc.] of the killed against blood money, then adhering to it with fairness and payment of the blood-money, to the heir should be made in fairness. This is alleviation and a mercy from your Lord. So after this whoever transgresses the limits [i.e. kills the killer after taking the blood-money], he shall have a painful torment. And there is [a saving of] life for you in Al-Qisâs [the Law of Equality in punishment], O men of understanding, that you may become Al-Muttaqûn [the pious].[10]

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