Voluntary fasting

“I [Habib bin Zaid (ra)] heard a freed slave of ours called Laila (ra) narrating from Umm ‘Amarah bint Ka’b Al-Ansari (ra) that the Prophet [saws] entered upon her and some food was brought to him. He said, ‘Eat.’ She said, ‘I am fasting.’ So the Messenger of Allah [saws] said, ‘Indeed the angels send salah upon the fasting person when [others] eat in his presence until they finish.’ And perhaps he said, ‘Until they have eaten their fill.’”[9]

No sin in aborting a voluntary fast

“The Messenger of Allah [saws] passed by my door. He said, ‘Do you have anything [to eat]?” I [‘A’ishah (ra)] said, ‘I do not have anything.’ He said, ‘Then I am fasting.’” She said, ‘Then he passed by my door a second time and we had been given some Hais. I brought it to him and he ate and I was surprised. I said, ‘O Messenger of Allah [saws] you entered upon me and you were fasting then you ate Hais.’ He said, ‘Yes O ‘A’ishah (ra). The one who observes a fast other than in Ramadan or making up a missed Ramadan fast is like a man who allocated some of his wealth to give in charity; if he wishes he may go ahead and give it and if he wishes he may keep it.’”[10]

To pray for the host when invited for a meal

“The Messenger of Allah [saws] said, ‘If one of you is fasting and is invited to a meal then let him say, ‘I am fasting.’”[11]

“The Messenger of Allah [saws] said, ‘If one of you is invited then let him accept. If he is not fasting then let him eat and if he is fasting then let him pray.’”[12]

Fasting six days of Shawwal

“Whoever fasts Ramadan then follows it with six days of Shawwal it is as if he fasted a lifetime.”[13]

“Whoever fasts six days after Fitr will have completed the year for whoever does a good deed will have the reward of ten like it.”[14]

Fasting the first nine days of Dhul-Hijjah

“One of the wives of the Prophet [saws] said, ‘The Prophet [saws] used to fast on the day of ‘Ashura’, nine days of Dhul-Hijjah and three days of each month: the first Monday of the month and two Thursdays.’”[15]

“I [‘A’ishah (ra)] did not see the Prophet [saws] fasting at all during the ten [days of Dhul-Hijjah].”[16]

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