Voluntary fasting

The Prophet [saws] visited her [Juwairiya bint Al-Harith (ra)] on a Friday and she was observing saum. He asked her, “Did you observe saum yesterday?” She said, “No.” He said, “Do you intend to observe saum tomorrow?” She said, “No.” He said, “Then break your saum.”[122]

Prohibited to fast on days of ‘eid

“I [Abu ‘Ubaid (ra)] was present for ‘eid with ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab [ra]. He started with the prayer before the sermon and said, ‘The Messenger of Allah [saws] forbade fasting on these two days, the day of Fitr and the day of Adha. As for the day of Fitr it is the day when you break your fast and one the day of Adha you eat the meat of your sacrifices.”[123]

“I [Qaza’ah (ra)] heard a hadith from him that impressed me, so I said to him, ‘Did you hear this from the Messenger of Allah [saws]?’ He said, ‘Would I attribute to the Messenger of Allah [saws] something that I did not hear?’ He said, ‘I heard him say, “Fasting is not good on two days: the day of Al-Adha and the day of Al-Fitr after Ramadan.”’”[124]

“The Messenger of Allah [saws] forbade two fasts: the day of Al-Fitr and the day of Al-Adha.”[125]

“A man went to Ibn ‘Umar [ra] and said, ‘A man vowed to observe saum one day and that day happened to be ‘eid day.’ Ibn ‘Umar [ra] said, ‘Allah [swt] orders vows to be fulfilled and the Prophet [saws] forbade saum on this day.’”[126]

“The Messenger of Allah [saws] prohibited fasting on two days: on the day of Al-Fitr and Al-Adha and [he prohibited] two kinds of clothes: as-samma’ and for a man to sit with his legs drawn up in a single garment [al-ihtiba’] and [he prohibited from] salah during two hours. After As-Subh and after Al-‘Asr.”[127]

“Two saum and two kinds of sale are forbidden: observing saum on the day of ‘Eid-ul-Fitr and ‘Eid-ul-Adha and the kinds of sale called mulamasa [to have to buy an item for sale that one touches] and munabadha [to have to buy an item for sale that the seller throws at you].”[128]

“I [Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri (ra)] heard four things from the Prophet [saws] and they won my admiration. He said, “No lady should travel on a journey of two days except with her husband or a dhi-mahram; no saum is permissible on the two days of ‘Eid-ul-Fitr and ‘Eid-ul-Adha; no salah  [may be offered] after the morning salah until the sun rises; and no salah after the ‘asr prayer till the sun sets; one should travel only for visiting three masajid: Masjid-ul-Haram, Masjid-ul-Aqsa and this mosque [at Al-Madinah].’”[129]

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