God is Eternal

Surah Al-Isra' Chapter 17 Verse 12

And We have appointed the night and the day as two signs. Then We have obliterated the sign of the night[with darkness] while We have made the sign of the day illuminating that you may seek bounty from your Lord and that you may know the number of years and the reckoning. And We have explained everything with full explanation.[8]

God created the night and the day so that we may know the time, the number of years.

God, therefore, created time, which He transcends.

Surah Al-Jathiyah Chapter 45 Verse 24

And they say, “There is nothing but our life of this world, we die and we live and nothing destroys us except time. And they have no knowledge of it: they only conjecture. And when Our Clear Verses are recite to them, their argument is no other that that they say, “Bring back our [dead] fathers if you are truthful!” Say [to them], “Allah [swt] gives you life then causes you to die then He will assemble you on the Day of Resurrection about which there is no doubt. But most of mankind know not.”[9]

Therefore, it is God, not time, Who destroys mankind. It is He, not time, that causes mankind to die.

The Qur’an confirms the rationally derived attribute of God – timeless eternality.

[1] Surah Al-Hadid Chapter 57 Verse 3

[2] Surah Al-Baqarah Chapter 2 Verse 255

[3] Surah Al-‘Imran Chapter 3 Verse 2

[4] Surah Ta Ha Chapter 20 Verse 111

[5] Surah Al-Furqan Chapter 25 Verse 58

[6] Surah Ghafir Chapter 40 Verse 65

[7] Surah Al-Anbiya’ Chapter 21 Verse 33

[8] Surah Al-Isra’ Chapter 17 Verse 12

[9] Surah Al-Jathiyah Chapter 45 Verse 24

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